International Chemical Safety Cards

METHANOL ICSC: 0057
METHANOL
Methyl alcohol
Carbinol
Wood alcohol
CH4O/CH3OH
Molecular mass: 32.0
CAS # 67-56-1
RTECS # PC1400000
ICSC # 0057
UN # 1230
EC # 603-001-00-X
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with oxidants.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water in large amounts, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID EXPOSURE OF ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea.
    Ventilation. Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin. Redness.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Shortness of breath. Unconsciousness. Vomiting (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Wash away spilled liquid with plenty of water. Remove vapour with fine water spray (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs. Cool.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    F symbol
    T symbol
    R: 11-23/25
    S: (1/2-)7-16-24-25
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0057 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    METHANOL ICSC: 0057

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Reacts violently with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 200 ppm; 262 mg/m3 as TWA (skin) (ACGIH 1991-1992).
    TLV (as STEL): 250 ppm; 328 mg/m3 (skin) (ACGIH 1992-1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin, and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , resulting in loss of consciousness. Exposure by ingestion may result in blindness and death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system , resulting in persistant or recurring headaches and impaired vision.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 65C
    Melting point: -98C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.79
    Solubility in water: miscible
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 12.3
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.1
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.01
    Flash point: 12C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 385C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 6-35.6
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.82/-0.66
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    Effects: The substance is of low toxicity to aquatic and terrestrial organisms.
    N O T E S
    Burns with nonluminous bluish flame. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-36
    NFPA Code: H 1; F 3; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0057 METHANOL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.