International Chemical Safety Cards

PHENOL ICSC: 0070
PHENOL
Carbolic acid
Phenic acid
Hydroxybenzene
C6H6O/C6H5OH
Molecular mass: 94.1
CAS # 108-95-2
RTECS # SJ3325000
ICSC # 0070
UN # 1671 (phenol, solid); see Notes
EC # 604-001-00-2
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames. NO contact with strong oxidants.
Alcohol-resistant foam, powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 79°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 79°C use a closed system, ventilation.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Avoid inhalation of fine dust and mist. Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Serious skin burns. Shock. Collapse. Coma. Convulsion. Local anesthetic effect. Death (Further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. To remove or neutralize substance use polyethylene glycol 300 or vegetabile oil.
  • EYES
  • Permanent loss of vision. Severe deep burns.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Corrosive. Abdominal pain. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse. Sore throat. Smoky, greenish-dark urine.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Give plenty of water to drink. Rest. Refer for medical attention. Give plenty of vegetable oil to drink, NO alcohol!
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs. Cool. Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T symbol
    R: 24/25-34
    S: (1/2-)28-45
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0070 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    PHENOL ICSC: 0070

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS TO YELLOW OR LIGHT PINK CRYSTALS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed. The solution in water is a weak acid. Reacts with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 5 ppm; 19 mg/m3 (as TWA) (skin) (ACGIH 1991-1992).
    MAK: 5 ppm; 19 mg/m3; skin (1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body rapidly by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance and the vapour is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, heart and kidneys , resulting in convulsions, coma, cardiac disorders, respiratory failure, collapse. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 182°C
    Melting point: 43°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.06
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml: 7
    Solubility in water: moderate
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 47
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.2
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.001
    Flash point: 79°C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 715°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.36-10
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.46
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
    N O T E S
    Other UN numbers: 2312 (molten); 2821 (solution). Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-8A
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 2; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0070 PHENOL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.