International Chemical Safety Cards

DIETHYL ETHER ICSC: 0355
DIETHYL ETHER
Ethyl ether
Ethyl oxide
Ether
C4H10O
Molecular mass: 74.1
CAS # 60-29-7
RTECS # KI5775000
ICSC # 0355
UN # 1155
EC # 603-022-00-4
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces.
AFFF. Alcohol-resistant foam. Powder. Carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Drowsiness. Headache. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Dizziness. Drowsiness. Vomiting.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place (extra personal protection: A/P2 filter respirator for organic vapour and harmful dust).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Dry. Keep in the dark. Store only if stabilized.
    Airtight.
    F+ symbol
    R: 12-19
    S: 9-16-29-33
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0355 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    DIETHYL ETHER ICSC: 0355

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    VERY VOLATILE, HYGROSCOPIC, COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance can form explosive peroxides under the influence of light and air. Reacts violently with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 400 ppm; 1210 mg/m3 (as TWA); 500 ppm; 1520 mg/m3 (STEL) (ACGIH 1993-1994).
    PDK: 300 mg/m3 (USSR 1988).
    MAK: 400 ppm; 1200 mg/m3; (1992).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , resulting in narcosis.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system. Caution, exposures may become addictive!
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 35C
    Melting point: -116C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.7
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 6.9
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 58.6
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.6
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.9
    Flash point: -45C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 180C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.7-49
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.89
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    Check for peroxides prior to distillation; render harmless if positive.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-72
    NFPA Code: H 2; F 4; R 1;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0355 DIETHYL ETHER
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.