International Chemical Safety Cards

n-HEPTANE ICSC: 0657
n-HEPTANE
C7H16 / CH3(CH2)5CH3
Molecular mass: 100.2
CAS # 142-82-5
RTECS # MI7700000
ICSC # 0657
UN # 1206
EC # 601-008-00-2

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide. NO water.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Dullness. Headache.
    Ventilation.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal cramps. Burning sensation. Nausea. Vomiting.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants.

    F symbol
    R: 11
    S: (2-)9-16-23-29-33
    Note: C
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0657 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    n-HEPTANE ICSC: 0657

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    VOLATILE COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Reacts violently with strong oxidants. Attacks many plastics.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 400 ppm; 1640 mg/m3 STEL 500 ppm (ACGIH 1996).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes and the skin. The vapour irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the liver , resulting in impaired functions.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 98°C
    Melting point: -91°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.68
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 4.6
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.46
    Flash point: -4°C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 285°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.1-6.7
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 4.66
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. In the food chain important to humans, bioaccumulation takes place, specifically in fish.
    N O T E S
    The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Skellysolve-C is a trade name.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-504
    NFPA Code: H1; F3; R0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0657 n-HEPTANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.