International Chemical Safety Cards

AMMONIUM CHLORIDE ICSC: 1051
AMMONIUM CHLORIDE
Ammonium muriate
Sal ammonia
Sal ammoniac
NH4Cl
Molecular mass: 53.5
CAS # 12125-02-9
RTECS # BP4550000
ICSC # 1051
EC # 017-014-00-8
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough.
    Ventilation (not if powder), local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness.
    Safety spectacles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Give plenty of water to drink. Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into containers. Wash away remainder with plenty of water (extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
    Separated from ammonium nitrate, potassium chlorate, acids, alkalis, silver salts. Dry.

    Xn symbol
    R: 22-36
    S: 22
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 1051 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    AMMONIUM CHLORIDE ICSC: 1051

    I
    M
    P
    O
    R
    T
    A
    N
    T

    D
    A
    T
    A

    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    ODOURLESS, COLORLESS TO WHITE, HYGROSCOPIC SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning, producing toxic and irritating fumes (nitrogen oxides, ammonia and hydrogen chloride). The solution in water is a weak acid. Reacts violently with ammonium nitrate and potassium chlorate causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts with highly concentrated acids to form hydrogen chloride and with strong bases to form ammonia. Reacts with silver salts to form compounds that are sensitive to mechanical shock. Attacks copper and its compounds.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as fume): ppm; 10 mg/m3 (as TWA); 20 mg/m3 (as STEL) (ACGIH 1992-1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its dust or fume, and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Sublimation point: 350C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.5
    Solubility in water: good (28.3 g/100 ml at 25C)
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 160C: 0.13
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    NFPA Code: H 1; F 0; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 1051 AMMONIUM CHLORIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.